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In the Interest of Peace: Chinese Consul General Dr Huang Qinguo's address' at UWA Historical Society on the 70th Anniversary of the End of World War П
2015/09/30

Professor Paul Johnson, President of UWA,

Professor Ron Bodycoat , President of UWA Historical Society,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Dear Friends,

Good Afternoon,

It's my pleasure to attend the forum today and share my thoughts .

Chinese Consul General Dr Huang Qinguo Adresses the Forum

History is the best teacher and peace is our best hope. The Chinese government held grand commemorative activities on September 3 to celebrate the 70th Anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression as well as the World Anti-Fascist War and President Xi Jinping delivered an important speech. This is the first time that China has held a military parade on the Victory Day to memorize the history, honor the martyrs, cherish peace and open up the future . And this has received positive response from peace loving people in the world.

The Second World War that took place between the 1930s and 1940s is a decisive battle between justice and evil, between light and darkness, and between progress and retreat. Around 2 billion people of more than 80 countries and regions were engulfed by the flames of war, which swept across Asia, Europe, Africa and Oceania. In that war, China was not only the first country to fight the Fascist aggressors, but also has experienced the longest period of struggle, and suffered great sacrifices and heavy losses. The "September 18th Incident" in 1931 marked the beginning of China's resistance against Japanese invasion and raised the curtain of World Anti-Fascist war. After The Lugou Bridge Incident or the July 7th Incident, China became the main battleground against Japanese aggressors. When World War П broke out in Europe in 1939, China had fought the Japanese Fascist on its own for eight years. By the time the Pacific War erupted in 1941, China had combated Japanese fascists for a decade independently. The China theater contained and pinned down the main forces of Japanese militarism and played a decisive role in the total defeat of Japanese invaders. China was the main theater of the World Anti-Fascist War in the East.

China's perseverance greatly impeded the progress of the Japanese aggressors, forcing them to give up their northward invasion targeting the Soviet Union and retarding their southward invasion into the Pacific and crushed the attempt of Fascists to divide the world and seek hegemony. Following the outbreak of the Pacific War, 70% of Japanese military forces and around 35 divisions of ground forces were contained in China battlefield. China battlefield supported the military actions of the allied forces in the European and Pacific theaters strategically, making undeniable contributions to the World Anti Fascist War. More than 1.5 million Japanese forces were wiped out in China battlefield. China suffered more than 35 million casualties during the war, with military casualties reaching more than 3.8 million. And China suffered more than US$100 billion direct economic losses, and indirect economic losses of more than US$ 500 billion . Some allied commanders once in the war gave objective views about the important role the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression played in World War II and its contribution to the World Anti-Fascist War. The Marshal of the Sovient Union Vasily Chuikov wrote in his memoirs : "even in our most difficult times of the war, because much of Japan's strength was contained in China, it failed to start an immediate war against the Soviet Union,. We must acknowledge this indisputable truth." British Former Prime Minister Churchill also said: "If the Japanese attack the West Indian Ocean, all our positions in the Middle East will be lost. Only China can help us to prevent that from happening." The victory of the World Anti-Fascist War is the victory of justice , peace and the people. Justice , peace and the people represent the right path to take. -Justice will prevail! Peace will prevail! The people will prevail! That is the great truth of history.

As an old Chinese saying goes: a just cause enjoys abundant support, while an unjust cause finds little. The Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression was a just war against foreign aggression , and the Chinese people won sympathy and support from many other countries. Fellow Allied Forces members, including the Soviet Union , the United States and so on, provided valuable manpower and material support to China.We will not forget those Russian pilots who fought side by side with Chinese pilots, and those American pilots who opened the Mount Camel Airline; we will not forget Dr Norman Bethune (Canada ) and Dr.Kotnis (India ) and others who came all the way to heal the wounded and rescue the dying and the foreign journalists who risked their lives to report the war, and we will never forget those martyrs from all over the world who volunteer to came China and sacrificed their lives in the war against Japanese aggression.

Australian and Chinese fought alongside against the Japanese invaders in the Second World War, the two peoples forged a profound friendship. A monument on China's Hainan Island recognizes the history of "Gull Force" of Australia. The newly-released movie "The Dalfram Dispute 1938: Pig Iron Bob" in Sydney tells the story of how Port Kembla wharves stopped loading Australian pig iron on the Dalfram ship, which was headed for Japan in November 1938, the workers believed the pig iron would be used by Japan in the invasion of China, where thousands had already been killed. During the Second World War, Australian mainland suffered many Japanese air raids. On 19 February 1942, the Japanese air force launched a heavy air raid against Darwin and resulted in the casualties of over 600 people, crash of 23 aircrafts and sinking of 8 warships, causing significant losses to the Australian people, it was called an "Australian Pearl Harbor". Over the past years, air raid sirens ran out across Darwin many times to commemorate the history. Not long ago, Royal Australian Mint issued a coin in commemoration of the end of World War II. World War II veterans and some communities in Western Australia held some commemoration events. The newly elected Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull delivered a speech in Sydney last month in which he praised China's key role in the World War II and reminded Australians not to forget that their longest ally in the world War II was China. Mr.Turnbulll said: " without China's endurance and courage in the face of Japan, our war history may have been ended very differently indeed". The Chinese People's War against Japanese Aggression was an important part of the world Anti-Fascist War, Chinese people as well as peace loving people in the world made great contributions to the global war against Fascism.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Seven decades is just a short span of time in human history. The past experience, if not forgotten, can serve as a guide for the future. we must remember the lessons of history. Although blessed with the sunshine of peace today, we deeply feel that safeguarding world peace still remains a daunting task. War is like a mirror, looking at it helps us better appreciate the value of peace . Ravaging through Asia, Europe, Africa and Oceania, World War II inflicted over 100 million military and civilian casualties. About 1 million Australians served in that war and 40,000 lost their lives, scourge of war taught us tough lessons. Today we commemorate the victory of Anti-Fascist War , bear history in mind, honor all those who laid down their lives, not to perpetuate hatred but in the hope that these commemorative activities will help remind all kind-hearted people of the ardent hope for peace, and work together to prevent a repetition of this historical tragedy and safeguard the outcomes of World War II in pursuit of a more beautiful future of mankind. History enlightenment and lessons are the common treasures of all people. Forgetting the history means betrayal. Any attempt or action to deny, distort or even prettify the nature of aggressive war are doomed to jeopardize the peace and justice of humanity, no matter how many times these words are said and no matter how high-sounding they are. Denying the crimes of World War II will lose people's trust.

Peace has not come easily and must be preserved. China is a peace-loving country in world history. The Chinese people have the hardships of war ingrained in their memories, and they pursue peace tirelessly and cherish a peaceful and stable life. Being a founding member of the United Nations and a permanent member of the UN's Security Council, China is both an active proponent and a devoted practitioner of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. China has unswervingly adhered to the path of peaceful development, unswervingly pursued an open policy of mutual benefit and win win result , and carried out friendly cooperation with all countries and we have made unremitting efforts for world peace and has won the appreciation and respect in the international community. President Xi Jinping stressed at the commemoration activities on September 3 that no matter how stronger it may become, China will never seek hegemony or expansion. It will never inflict its past suffering on any other nation. He solemnly announced that China will cut the number of its troops by 300,000. This has once again demonstrated China's firm confidence and determination to take concrete actions to safeguard world peace and development.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

China's adherence to the path of peaceful development will inject impetus to the world prosperity and development. We live in the same global village and we should strengthen the sense of community of common destiny. China is ready to work with other countries to build a new type of international relations with win-win cooperation at its core. Nowadays Sino-Australian relations are at a new historical point and the bilateral relations have been uplifted to comprehensive strategic partnership. we enjoy even stronger links in our politicalmutual trust, business cooperation, and people-to-people exchange. China will insist on maintaining good relations with people in other countries including Australia to contribute to safeguarding world peace and boosting human progress. We are confident that with the concerted efforts of our two governments and peoples, the future of the bilateral relations will be even more promising.

Thank you!

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